👨‍💻 738LeetCode

Find Peak Element

Question

A peak element is an element that is greater than its neighbors.

Given an input array nums, where nums[i] ≠ nums[i+1], find a peak element and return its index.

The array may contain multiple peaks, in that case return the index to any one of the peaks is fine.

You may imagine that nums[-1] = nums[n] = -∞.

Example

Input: nums = [1,2,3,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: 3 is a peak element and your function should 
return the index number 2.
Input: nums = [1,2,1,3,5,6,4]
Output: 1 or 5 
Explanation: Your function can return either index number 
1 where the peak element is 2, or index number 5 where 
the peak element is 6.

Solution

Solved by binary search.

class Solution:
    def findPeakElement(self, nums: List[int]) -> int:
        i, j = 0, len(nums) - 1
        while i < j:
            mid = (i + j) // 2
            if nums[mid] < nums[mid + 1]:
                i = mid + 1
            elif nums[mid] > nums[mid + 1]:
                j = mid
        return i